It was the indigenous herbal knowledge of Ouecha tribes of Peru & Bolivia who were the first to use the bark of the cinchona tree as a cure for fever with uncontrollable shivers. The cinchona tree produces quinine. They even used this as a muscle relaxant. Since it has a bitter taste, they used to mix it with sweet water. When the Spanish conquistadors landed in Peru they learned of this miracle drug and spread the news of its discovery. In 1631 it was used in Rome to cure the city which was endemic due to the marshes and swamps that surrounded it. By 1633 Jesuit priests had documented the use of this ‘Peruvian bark’ as a cure for Malaria. Quinine is also used to treat arthritis and lupus. So the first and most popular anti malarial drug Quinine was born out of age old indigenous herbal knowledge of Peruvian tribes. Likewise our vast indigenous herbal knowledge can be translated into finished product.